Anticonvulsants are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Broad-spectrum anticonvulsants are of considerable interest as antiepileptic drugs. In this study, researchers identified promising JNJ-26489112. In particular, JNJ-26489112 exhibits excellent anticonvulsant activity in rodents against audiogenic, electrically-induced, and chemically-induced seizures.
Anticonvulsants suppress the excessive rapid firing of neurons during seizures. Anticonvulsants also prevent the spread of the seizure within the brain. JNJ-26489112 acts as a broad-spectrum anticonvulsant. Mechanistically, JNJ-26489112 inhibits voltage-gated Na+ channels and N-type Ca2+ channels, and was effective as a K+ channel opener.
Many anticonvulsant agents are potent inducers of liver enzymes. The anticonvulsant profile of JNJ-26489112 suggests that it may be useful for treating multiple forms of epilepsy, including refractory epilepsy, with a favorable margin of safety. JNJ-26489112 is a very weak inhibitor of CA-II, with an IC50 value of 35 μM (Ki=8.8 μM) in the CO2 hydration assay. In addition, JNJ-26489112 is also a weak inhibitor of CA-I (IC50=18 μM; Ki=2.2 μM).
JNJ-26489112 exhibits excellent broad-spectrum anticonvulsant activity in rodents against audiogenic, electrically-induced, and chemically-induced seizures, with very weak inhibition of human CA-II (IC50=35 μM). Consequently, JNJ-26489112 exhibits good antiseizure activity in the antiepileptic model. Moreover, JNJ-26489112 inhibits Na+, kainate, and KCNQ2 channels to varying degrees. Thus, its action at several targets appears to be responsible for the observed neurostabilizing effects.
To summarise, JNJ-26489112 limits seizure spread and elevates seizure threshold in animal models. As a result, JNJ-26489112 has the potential to be effective in refractory, or pharmacoresistant, epilepsy.
David F McComsey, et al. Novel, broad-spectrum anticonvulsants containing a sulfamide group: pharmacological properties of (S)-N-[(6-chloro-2,3-dihydrobenzo[1,4]dioxin-2-yl)methyl]sulfamide (JNJ-26489112). J Med Chem. 2013 Nov 27;56(22):9019-30.